Cause codes: Hazardous material and other physical hazards

Injuries and illness due to exposures to:

Cause code explanations
Use code... ...if this is the cause Examples include these... ...but not these
0800 series Hazardous Substance

(For hazardous substance injuries or illness, Coordinators should use one of the specific 08xx codes below, and avoid using the general 0800 code. If in doubt, contact a claims examiner.)
The primary event is that the person is exposed to a harmful chemical hazard /non-living substance. Choose the 0800 series code below best describing the route of exposure.

Includes carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, methane, solvents, smoke inhalation, mineral fibers (silica (quartz), asbestos), and other noxious substances.
Exclude Sharps/ Needles/ bloodborne pathogens (see 0700 series)
0810 Inhalation    
0820  Splash, Particulate or Other Direct Contact to Skin or Eye    
0830  Ingestion     
0840  Multiple Routes     
Use code... ...if this is the cause Examples include these... ...but not these
0900 series Exposure to Physical Hazards

(For physical hazard injuries or illnesses, Coordinators should use one of the specific codes 09xx below, and avoid using the general 0900 code. If in doubt, contact a claims examiner.)
Physical hazards emit energy of one form or another. The primary event leading to injury/illness is an exposure to a physical hazard, atmospheric pressure extremes, or hazards inherent in the environment.    
0910 Heat Includes heat stress, heat stroke, heat cramps, heat exhaustion due to extreme temperature environments, lack of air movement, and high humidity/moisture content in the work environment. Includes exposure to hot objects, surfaces, liquids, steam, flame (e.g., Bunsen burner), welding operations   Structure fires, other large fires, explosions (see 1100 Fire and Explosion, below)

Corneal or conjunctival irritation, i.e. Welder’s Flash (see 0960 Other sources of radiation, below in table).
0920 Cold  Includes hypothermia, frostbite due to extreme temperature environments.  Includes exposure to cold objects, surfaces, liquids, steam. Includes cryogenics (substances which are extremely cold such as liquid nitrogen, liquid helium and dry ice).  
0930 Noise Includes change in hearing threshold relative to baseline audiogram of an average of 10 dB at 2000, 3000, and 4000 Hz. due to constant or repetitive noise, cumulative. Includes trauma to ears or loss of hearing from acute exposure to a single event, e.g. gunshot.   
0940 Electrical hazard  Includes burns, scalds, electrocution, electrical shock from contact with electric current, exposure to lightening, etc.   Includes trauma to ears or loss of hearing from acute exposure to a single event, e.g. gunshot.   
0950 Source of Ionizing Radiation Includes x-rays, nuclear reactor waste, radiation emitting substances and equipment; isotopes, radium.  
0960 Other Source of Radiation (Non-ionizing/electromagnetic radiation) Includes non-ionizing radiation from UV light (includes corneal and conjunctival irritation (Welder's Flash), and sunburn), IR radiation, lasers, microwaves. Compounds such as cresols which make the skin especially sensitive to UV light resulting in sunburn (See 0800 Chemical Hazards, above in table). 
0970 Drowning or Near-Drowning Near Drowning is defined as initial survival (is sometimes fatal) from submersion/immersion in a liquid.

Drowning: Death by suffocation by submersion/immersion a in liquid. 
 
0980  Workplace Lighting Inadequate lighting may cause injuries from slips, trips falls, headaches, stress, visual and nervous fatigue due to impaired vision. 

Too much lighting may cause headaches, stress, eyestrain from bright light or glare.

Flickering or stroboscopic effects of lighting can cause hazardous conditions: moving parts or machinery may appear stationary, or moving slower than they really are.
 
0990 Workplace Ventilation  The primary event that leads to the injury/illness is poor ventilation or lack of fresh air circulation.  Includes asthma, hypersensitivity-pneumonitis, rhinitis, infections, dermatitis, irritation, respiratory complications, fatigue, headache, dizziness, muscle and joint aches, lethargy, poor concentration, forgetfulness, nausea, heightened sensitivity to odors, etc. Heat stress related ailments due to lack of air movement (see 0910 Heat, above in table)
0995   Workplace Layout/ Design Workplace layout or design increases the risk or sprain/strain injuries, collisions, slips, and falls.  Includes storage heights, non-adjustable furniture, housekeeping, obstructed passages and exits, moving parts and equipment not properly guarded, non-adjustable workspace dimensions.  
Use code... ...if this is the cause Examples include these... ...but not these
1100 Fire or Explosive A fire or explosion leads to injuries. Includes explosion of batteries, air tanks, pressure vessels or piping. Includes explosive gases, cylinders, blasting materials, and fireworks. Includes flying glass due to explosion, and flash burns and other injuries resulting from explosion or explosive material. Includes explosion of vehicles, bottles, aerosol cans, buildings, etc. Excludes the following:
• Electrical short circuits or blown fuses (See 0940 Electrical)
• Smoke inhalation (0810 Inhalation)

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