Board of Regents
December 2009 Minutes - University of Wisconsin System Board of Regents
MINUTES OF THE REGULAR MEETING
BOARD OF REGENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN SYSTEM
Held in the UW-Madison Memorial Union
Main Lounge, 2nd Floor
Thursday, December 10, 2009
- President Pruitt presiding -
PRESENT: Regents Jeffrey Bartell, Mark Bradley, Eileen Connolly-Keesler, Judith Crain, Danae Davis, Stan Davis, John Drew, Michael Falbo, Thomas Loftus, Kevin Opgenorth, Charles Pruitt, Brent Smith, Michael Spector, José Vásquez, David Walsh, Aaron Wingad, and Betty Womack
UNABLE TO ATTEND: Regent Anthony Evers
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President Pruitt expressed appreciation to all of those participating in the Board meeting, noting that the previous day was trying for all Wisconsinites, due to the extreme winter weather. President Pruitt acknowledged the University of Wisconsin System staff who had reported for duty the day before despite the weather, including police and safety officers, residence hall staff and food service workers, staff caring for animals at labs and agricultural research stations, and the facilities and grounds crews who ensured that the university’s business could resume on Thursday.
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PRESENTATION – UW-MAdison: A WORLD-CLASS RESEARCH UNIVERSITY – FOR WISCONSIN AND THE WORLD
President Pruitt noted that although the Board meets regularly in Madison, it does not always focus on the UW-Madison campus itself. The Board will do that with UW-Madison as host campus for this meeting. President Pruitt introduced Chancellor Carolyn “Biddy” Martin’s presentation, “A World-Class Research University – for Wisconsin and the World.”
President Pruitt noted that Chancellor Martin would discuss how the state’s largest public research institution benefits all of Wisconsin, its economy, and the global community. The President observed that there are many advantages to having a research and teaching engine like this in our state; we will learn about how those advantages ripple throughout the broader statewide community.
Chancellor Martin thanked meeting attendees for being present and congratulated them for arriving safely. She noted that she would make her remarks and then show a first draft of a video that would be used for donors and other constituencies, which shows three ways that the university is committed to research and public service. She explained that she would then introduce two researchers who would describe their work, introduce some of their students, and explain why they work at UW-Madison.
Chancellor Martin noted that she would begin her remarks by answering the question, “What makes UW-Madison unique?” That can be answered any number of ways, she said, listing such characteristics as UW-Madison’s breadth; size; quality; inter-disciplinary work; history of contributions to the state, nation, and world; and its sense of fun. She showed a slide of the snowball fight on Bascom Hill the previous day, when 3,000 UW-Madison attempted to beat the world record for the number of snowball-fight participants.
Chancellor Martin continued by saying that the students and faculty at UW-Madison are talented, forward-thinking, and ambitious; and they are at UW-Madison because they have pushed the envelope in some way. She said that UW-Madison depends on a mix of revenue sources, with state funding now making up approximately 20 percent of the university’s total budget. UW-Madison relies increasingly on private funding; however, the university has a long commitment to public purpose, and that will not change.
This university remains “Steenbockian,” according to Chancellor Martin. Harry Steenbock discovered the importance of Vitamin D and how to intensify its presence in food. It brought him an offer from Quaker Oats of $1 million in the 1920s. Harry Steenbock considered it problematic to make money on Vitamin D for himself alone; he is responsible for the Wisconsin Alumni Research Foundation, which ensures that faculty’s and students’ discoveries are available to serve the public good. Even where discoveries cannot be commercialized, UW-Madison’s faculty, staff and students continue the Steenbockian tradition of invention, entrepreneurship, and commitment to the institution and the state.
The University of Wisconsin-Madison is consistently ranked among the finest research universities in the world, but the challenge is to maintain that status in the face of dwindling state support, according to Chancellor Martin. She made special mention of the university’s: (1) work in nuclear energy, biofuels, and alternate energies, which will be combined in a planned new facility, the Wisconsin Energy Institute; (2) involvement with approximately 50 universities in the United States in a global health consortium; (3) work in Engineering and in Regenerative Life Sciences on medical treatments for veterans of Iran and Iraq; (4) work through the Center for the Humanities on definitions of what it means to be human in the face of 21st century changes; (5) efforts to combine neuroscience with studies of meditation and contemplative practices; and (6) work in the Medical School to train doctors to practice in the rural parts of the state.
Chancellor Martin remarked that the connections between the university, the city of Madison, the region, the state of Wisconsin, and the world are part of what makes UW-Madison special. The Wisconsin Institutes for Discovery exemplifies a project that was conceived in a partnership between the university and private donors and business people. The Chancellor described the project as one that will house cutting-edge research and biotechnology, serve as a gathering place for people from throughout the university and the state, and include a K-12 education outreach component.
Reflecting on the significance of having a major university in the state, Chancellor Martin drew on an article that appeared in The Economist in 2005, called “The Brains Business.” The article suggested that higher education is experiencing a golden age worldwide, even in the midst of a recession. Chancellor Martin explained that according to The Economist, this golden age is driven by: (1) massification, by which the editors mean the significant increase in the number of people around the globe with a secondary education; (2) globalization, or the interpenetration of cultures, economies, and nations; and (3) the emergence of a knowledge economy. She said that other countries are making massive investments in higher education, and many of them are drawing on the American model of the research university. Many are investing far more than the United States is, in part because they are working to catch up, and in part because they are more forward-looking, she said.
The Chancellor went on to explain why American higher education is a model for the rest of the world. For example, higher education in the United States is not a system; it is government-supported, but not controlled by the federal government, which results in a broader range of institutions, with different populations; and the United States has developed a more sophisticated infrastructure for science and technology than other higher education systems. Overall, according to The Economist, the United States continues to do the best job of combining equity (access) and quality.
According to The Economist, the most significant development in higher education in the world in the last decade is the emergence of a “super league” of global universities. Chancellor Martin quoted The Economist as saying that global universities “have the potential to attract the most talented faculty and students to their parts of the world, employ a growing number of qualified staff to support the academic mission, generate the ideas and technologies that will drive the world’s economies, and transfer their inventions into commercial uses that create wealth. Every country wants and needs such global economic players.”
Citing the quality of UW-Madison’s faculty and students, the Chancellor noted that The Economist’s list of universities in the super league worldwide has only four or five public universities in its top 20 in the world, and UW-Madison is ranked 17th in the world. She said that UW-Madison is concerned about the quality of the students coming in, but also about the quality of their experience and the integration of research with undergraduate education and outreach. She emphasized the importance of students’ living and building networks with people from all over the world.
The Economist also suggests that great global universities are magnets for jobs and employment, Chancellor Martin said, mentioning that UW-Madison’s working community consists of 20,690 individuals.
When it comes to research excellence, UW-Madison is second or third in the amount of research funding and expenditures in the nation, including all research universities, public and private. The university is also a national leader in a number of major awards for research, is among the top ten institutions in Science and Engineering in millions of dollars for research, and is first in non-science and non-engineering fields for research dollars.
The Economist also identifies a number of challenges for world-class research institutions, Chancellor Martin said: affordability, challenges to free and open inquiry, and failure to be accountable for strong undergraduate education. They also identify threats to value, quality, and meritocracy in the United States. First on their list is public resistance to taxes that would allow government support for education to keep pace with costs, and second is the erosion of peer-reviewed competitive funding in favor of earmarks.
Chancellor Martin indicated that since UW-Madison forcefully promotes peer-reviewed work, she would emphasize in her remarks the importance of the way higher education is organized in the United States. She reiterated that The Economist cited autonomy from government control and flexibility to compete for the best as helping to account for the success of the best universities; and she noted that flexibility in pricing, salaries and wages, purchasing, facilities, and personnel policies helps to meet the challenges of reduced state funding.
To remain one of the world’s great universities, the Chancellor continued, UW-Madison must pay the faculty market salaries; provide students with financial aid; and provide faculty, staff and students with the infrastructure to do the work that leads to great discoveries and has an economic multiplier effect. She said that more flexibility is needed in an era of declining state support.
Chancellor Martin stated that UW-Madison cannot afford to compete by keeping tuition low. Even with the differential tuition that the Board of Regents approved last year, UW-Madison remains with Iowa at the bottom of its Big Ten peer group. Compared to the peer group of global universities, it is amazing that UW-Madison is what it is, the Chancellor stated, adding that tuition needs to be increased at moderate and predictable rates, and the university needs to make sure that students have financial aid. The Madison Initiative and other initiatives in the Provost’s office are aimed at addressing a number of these challenges and improving undergraduate education even more.
The Chancellor emphasized that UW-Madison’s goal is to remain public spirited, to continue to compete on a worldwide scale, and to be able to match its peers with development and attraction of talent and ideas. This university is extraordinary and is a remarkable gem, she said; given the modest wealth and modest population of this state, public support over the years of higher education and of an institution of UW-Madison’s quality is remarkable.
The Chancellor continued by saying that it is essential, for the university, the state, the nation, and the world, for UW-Madison to continue to compete on a world stage. It takes strong support, leadership, commitment and accountability. The Chancellor said that she could not imagine the state of Wisconsin operating at its current level without UW-Madison operating at the level at which it operates. She described such UW-Madison contributions as expertise in agriculture, health, engineering, teaching, health care, and law; graduates who have put Wisconsin on the map all over the world; and jobs, technologies, and start-up companies.
Chancellor Martin said that the state needs a strategy that puts higher education at the center of its strategy. UW-Madison is one piece of an outstanding System, but a vital piece and a vital player in a world-wide marketplace of research institutions. In closing her remarks, Chancellor Martin expressed appreciation for support for the university and for the opportunity to argue that the citizens of Wisconsin want a world-class research university.
After showing the draft video highlighting strengths of and innovations at UW-Madison, Chancellor Martin introduced Yoshihiro Kawaoka, one of the world’s foremost authorities on influenza and how it is transmitted. The professor’s work has yielded new methods for speeding up the manufacture of flu vaccines. The Chancellor said that from his federal grants alone, the professor supports a monthly payroll of approximately $100,000 in pay and fringe benefits, not including a recent grant from the Gates Foundation or other funding sources.
Professor Kawaoka, of the School of Veterinary Medicine, explained that his laboratory works on influenza and Ebola viruses. His emphasis at this meeting would be on influenza pandemics, first the Spanish influenza pandemic of 1918 and then the current influenza pandemic.
Professor Kawaoka explained that the influenza virus is unique, with its eight-segment genome. His lab established the technology that is used to understand the influenza virus.
The 1918 Spanish influenza pandemic killed more than 40 million people worldwide; however, this virus had gone out of existence until recently, according to the professor. Scientists recovered the virus from the lung tissue of persons who died from this virus, and with the new technology, it was possible to create the 1918 virus. The purpose is to try to understand the virus in order to prevent epidemics such as occurred in 1918.
Animal studies conducted at UW-Madison showed that lungs of animals infected with seasonal influenza looked healthy, but those with the 1918 virus had hemorrhaging in their lungs, making it difficult to breathe.
Professor Kawaoka reported that with this knowledge, the lab studied the current pandemic. Looking at lung cells infected with the 2009 pandemic strain, his lab found that people were dying due to viral pneumonia, rather than secondary bacterial pneumonia. The lab discovered that the 2009 virus grows well in the lungs of non-human primates, which is why this virus caused viral pneumonia.
The Influenza Research Institute is located in Research Park, Professor Kawaoka continued. Several years ago, when he was recruited by UW-Madison, the university and the Wisconsin Alumni Research Foundation (WARF) kindly and completely renovated a building for his research, he said. The professor expressed his appreciation for this renovation because the renovated building allows him to do many different studies. He indicated that his long-term goal is to understand why humans die from viral infections and to do applied research to develop vaccines and to gain knowledge of better use of antiviral drugs.
Chancellor Martin then introduced Professor Jon Pevehouse, of the Department of Political Science, who she said works on foreign affairs and is one of the leading experts in the country on American foreign policy and international relations. His specialties include the promotion of democracy, the politics of free trade agreements, and conflict among nations. Chancellor Martin noted that Professor Pevehouse is an important resource on such decisions as President Obama’s recent decision to send more troops to Afghanistan.
Professor Pevehouse began his remarks by mentioning that, unlike Professor Kawoaka, he was lured away from UW-Madison in 2007, a year when the Political Science department saw seven departures due to outside offers and retirement. He left for the University of Chicago but returned this summer. One reason he came back is the high-quality Political Science Department that has now been rebuilt here, which includes other professors in international relations hired from Harvard and the University of Pennsylvania.
Professor Pevehouse emphasized that one in ten of all bachelor’s degrees at UW-Madison are in Political Science. The reasons for this are that Madison is an active political town, and also that the university takes pride in its teaching and research and in integrating students into the research. Another reason Professor Pevehouse returned to UW-Madison is because the students here are phenomenal, he said
During the past year, Professor Pevehouse has been involved in a research project related to lobbying on foreign policy issues and foreign affairs. Foreign lobbyists include foreign companies, foreign countries, or international organizations. Professor Pevehouse said that as an alternative to other approaches, which claim that American foreign policy is not in the interest of Americans and which are not based on replicable data, his research team is analyzing data and studying why foreign lobbying occurs, in what issue areas, and with what impact.
Professor Pevehouse began his investigative work with the Foreign Agent Registration Act, passed by Congress in 1938. This act requires anyone lobbying Congress to tell the Department of Justice who was hired, how much they were paid, and why they were lobbying. The professor said that the research systematically examines the data from the Department of Justice for the first time. One conclusion so far is that lobbying for trade rights has fallen after an all-time high in the mid-1990s, because lobbying on free trade is perceived as less necessary with a Republican White House and Congress. The research is also examining why different countries choose different lobbying strategies.
In looking at how foreign lobbying occurs, the research shows that in addition to direct lobbying, advertisements are sometimes used to suggest that certain foreign interests are aligned with American interests. The professor described examples of this and indicated that interesting stories will be found in the data. He also introduced two of his students, Bryon Eagon and Jennifer Winter, who are conducting research, analyzing data, and initiating case studies. The professor and students are learning together through the research project.
In closing, Chancellor Martin thanked the two professors for their presentations and noted that they were two of 2,500 faculty members and that the students were two out of 42,000 students; it was difficult to choose what to present or who would present.
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The meeting was adjourned at approximately 12:15 p.m.
/s/ Jane S. Radue
Jane S. Radue, Secretary of the Board
MINUTES OF THE REGULAR MEETING
BOARD OF REGENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN SYSTEM
Held in the UW-Madison Memorial Union
Main Lounge, 2nd Floor
Friday, December 11, 2009
Authority to Seek a Waiver of s. 16.855, Wis. Stats., to Enable Madison Gas and Electric Company to Design-Build a Walnut Substation Upgrade Project and Authority to Construct the Project, UW-Madison. 28
MINUTES OF THE REGULAR MEETING
BOARD OF REGENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN SYSTEM
Held in the UW-Madison Memorial Union
Main Lounge, 2nd Floor
Friday, December 11, 2009
- President Pruitt presiding -
PRESENT: Regents Jeffrey Bartell, Mark Bradley, Eileen Connolly-Keesler, Judith Crain, Danae Davis, Stan Davis, John Drew, Michael Falbo, Thomas Loftus, Kevin Opgenorth, Charles Pruitt, Brent Smith, Michael Spector, David Walsh, Aaron Wingad, and Betty Womack
UNABLE TO ATTEND: Regents Anthony Evers and José Vásquez
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The minutes of the October 15 and 16 meeting stood approved as distributed.
A written report was provided.
Regent President Pruitt began by sharing the good news that student-Regent Kevin Opgenorth, a senior at UW-Platteville, was one of four Business and Accounting students selected for the UW-Platteville student team participating in the Government Finance Case Challenge, sponsored by the Association of Government Accountants.
This challenge is a highly competitive event and attracts teams from the top 30 business schools around the country, including Purdue University, the University of Maryland, North Carolina State University, and Loyola University. Kevin and his teammates were required to analyze and offer a written response to a case centered on how a U.S. city government implements a performance management system.
President Pruitt stated that he was very pleased to report that Kevin’s UW-Platteville team won. As a result, the UW-Platteville team members will receive a prestigious scholarship from the AGA to present their Government Performance Report at the National Leadership Conference in February 2010 in Washington, D.C. This is the first time that UW-Platteville has participated in the Government Finance Case Challenge, and they have set a high bar for the future. President Pruitt congratulated Kevin, the team, and UW-Platteville.
President Pruitt next introduced Jane Radue, the new Secretary of the Board of Regents. Jane served as the Assistant Director of the UW System’s Office of Operations Review and Audit, beginning in 1998. In that role, she studied a wide range of administrative and educational programs across the System. She earned her undergraduate and law degrees at UW-Madison and is a member of the Wisconsin State Bar. She officially stepped into the new role on November 2, 2009, replacing Judith Temby, who is retiring after 29 years with UW System Administration.
President Pruitt welcomed the nearly three dozen Leadership Academy participants attending the two-day meeting. The UW Colleges and UW-Extension Leadership Academy is a program for faculty, academic staff, and classified staff of both UW Colleges and UW-Extension. Through the program, graduates are to emerge with a multi-dimensional perspective and the competence needed to meet the challenges of a constantly changing environment, to think strategically, and to act collaboratively as they serve the educational needs of Wisconsin residents.
The program has been in place since 1990. Participants experience a variety of learning activities related to major policy, management, and leadership issues facing outreach and higher education in Wisconsin. One learning activity is to attend the Board of Regents meetings.
When President Pruitt turned to UW System President Kevin Reilly for his report, President Reilly noted that because of the condensed meeting schedule, he would send his usual good news report to Regents and Chancellors after the meeting.
President Reilly introduced the topic of differential tuition. He stated that he would talk about quality and affordability, turn to Senior Vice President Tom Anderes to describe current differential tuition policy and practice, and open the floor to the Board for discussion and advice. No Board action is required at this time. It is hoped that the Board can take action on a revised differential tuition policy in February, based on the Board’s input today and any resulting changes. It is also expected that in February the Board will act on some individual campus differential tuitions.
In general, when differential tuition is discussed, it is important also to discuss affordability and financial aid, President Reilly said. The question always should be how to integrate tuition policy with financial aid policy so as to assure affordability. The issue of quality underlies both tuition and affordability, and money matters to quality. However, the System has kept costs down. Administrative costs and average cost per student are relatively lower than the System’s peers. At the same time, new revenue is needed to maintain and enhance quality when the System is actively seeking to increase the number of graduates. One way to generate revenue is differential tuition.
A Tuition and Financial Aid Workgroup, which included Regents Crain and Falbo, reported to the Board in March 2008. The workgroup’s report said that current approaches were generally working well, especially compared with other universities’ tuition schemes.
At the same time, the group recognized the new challenge to the System of doing more with relatively less state support at a time when more students need more financial aid. The workgroup recognized that the University of Wisconsin’s tuition remains below peers’ tuition and that Wisconsin remains a low-aid state.
“Affordability” is a multi-dimensional measure. It is necessary to look at the total cost of attendance (tuition, room, and board), as well as the available need-based financial aid and a family’s ability to pay. A publication entitled Measuring Up 2008 ranked Minnesota as more affordable than Wisconsin, even though its tuition is higher, while Iowa was ranked as less affordable, even though tuition there is lower. This was mainly because of higher student aid in Minnesota and lower student aid in Iowa, but also because the salaries on average are higher in Minnesota and lower in Iowa. Need-based aid is an important aspect to examine, as is household income.
Two years ago the System set a goal of doubling the private need-based financial aid that would be distributed. Public need-based financial aid (federal Pell grants and state financial aid) play the major role in preserving affordable access for students. Much of the private aid now is targeted to students based on academic merit or special talents. The System has made an effort to elevate the amount of private, need-based financial aid, scholarships or grants that go to students based on their verifiable need. President Reilly reported that for 2009-10 the amount of non-federal and non-state need-based aid is estimated to be $17.5 million, compared to $5.9 million in 2006-07. He will be talking with Chancellors and advancement officers from the UW campuses in January to discuss the next goal for increasing privately-raised financial aid.
The Board of Regents has also succeeded in securing more funding for the largest state-funded financial aid program, the Wisconsin Higher Education Grant program. Over the past ten years, WHEG-UW funding has increased by 191%, from $18.9 million to $55 million per year; the number of students receiving these grants grew by over 10,000, from 16,669 to 27,162; and the average WHEG-UW award is now over $2,000, double the average grant from ten years ago.
By planning ahead, students and their families can hold the cost of an education down, President Reilly reported. On most UW campuses, students taking between 12 and 18 credits pay the same tuition; this is called the “tuition plateau.” In effect, six credits are “free.” For most undergraduate programs that require 120 credits of coursework, students need to take an average of 15 credits per semester to graduate in four years. Currently, about 29% of UW System students graduate in four years. A student taking an average of 15 credits per semester will pay 20% less in tuition and fees alone for a 120-credit degree than a student taking 12 credits per semester. Graduating sooner saves room and board and moves the student into the workforce sooner, and the System gains some capacity to serve new students.
Another way to save dollars and enhance affordability is an initiative that some UW campuses have been working on. For example, UW-Stout is offering three-year degree programs in three programs: (1) Business Administration; (2) Psychology; and (3) Hotel, Restaurant, and Tourism Management. UW-Stout will work with students and their families to develop a plan that makes use of summer sessions.
An additional cost-saving option is “UW Colleges as a Great Place to Start.” Students can live at home or close to home while they start their education; credits are guaranteed to transfer to a UW four-year institution. Approximately 2,500 students each year are participating in this opportunity. President Reilly reminded Board members that the Board of Regents has frozen UW Colleges tuition for the last three years.
Yet another way for students to make college more affordable is to participate in the Wisconsin Covenant. Approximately 52,000 students have enrolled in the Covenant, which will open the door to additional financial aid. The first cohort of about 17,000 Covenant students will enter college in fall 2011.
Fully exploring other financial aid options starts by filling out the federal financial aid form, or “FAFSFA.” Currently, approximately 60% of students nationally fill out the form; 40% do not, and national studies estimate that more than one-fourth of those who do not could qualify for a Pell grant. The federal government is working to simplify the financial aid form.
Students’ costs can also be reduced by taking college-credit or advanced placement courses in high school. Approximately 2,500 high school students take UW courses each year. Students who arrive at college with advanced placement credits do not necessarily graduate sooner, but this could be promoted as a cost-saving opportunity.
President Reilly continued by describing what he called the “UW System Four-Year Discount Initiative.” He described an example scenario using UW-Stevens Point tuition to show that completing a degree in four years would cost $27,765 using the credit plateau, saving the student $14,873 in tuition, fees, room and board compared to the cost of completing a degree in five years. Similarly, completing a degree in four years would save $23,225 compared to completing a degree in six years.
Stating that it is important to better communicate to students and their families the cost advantages of completing a degree earlier, President Reilly said that the UW System will work on a communication campaign to market the UW System Discount Initiative. The System has for years had a four-year contract, which allows students to agree to take their courses on a schedule that will allow them to graduate in four years; few students sign this contract. President Reilly said that he, the Chancellors, and Senior Vice President Martin will work to try to move more degrees into a four-year template.
President Reilly acknowledged that different families have different options, and some students work throughout college. However, research shows that students who work more than 20 hours per week are retained in smaller numbers, graduate in smaller numbers, and take longer to graduate. Some campuses are working to provide more work-study options on campus for students who have to work.
It is important to be conscious of the choices available to students and how these are promoted. When talking about tuition, affordability, and access, one option students have chosen to enhance quality in the System is differential tuition.
Before turning over the podium to Senior Vice President Anderes to discuss differential tuition, President Reilly responded to a question from Regent Danae Davis, who asked whether the percentage of UW students who graduate in four years has increased or decreased and how the percentage compares with the national percentage.
Associate Vice President Sharon Wilhelm responded to the question by saying that the current 29% is higher than the rate of a couple of years ago, which was 27%; she said she would look at national comparative data. Regent Davis then commented on President’s Reilly’s remarks about how students who work take longer to graduate; another group about whom this same point could be made is those students who take remedial courses in the first year.
President Reilly indicated that higher education in general must put more resources into the part of the educational process that occurs before college. This includes the students who never apply to college and those who do but who are not ready. The goal is to have students come to college more fully prepared so that remedial coursework is not necessary.
Regent Womack called the Board’s attention to the document, Measuring Up 2008, which President Reilly referenced. She said it is an interesting matrix of how states compare in preparation, participation, affordability, and completion. The data were for 2007; Wisconsin has an “A-” for completion of degrees in a timely manner, with 58% completing within six years, she said. However, only 33% of Black students graduate within six years, compared with 60% of White graduates. Regarding affordability, 49 states received an “F,” and only one received a “C.” Regent Womack asked about what is different in Florida, the one state with a “C.”
President Reilly turned to Chancellors Ford and Van Galen, who came to Wisconsin from Florida. Chancellor Van Galen explained that Florida is 49th or 50th in tuition in the country. There is also a state scholarship provided to students who do well in high school. Therefore, it is a relatively high-aid, low-cost state, although this has shifted dramatically in the last year or two, he said, with more costs being borne more recently by students and their families.
Regent President Pruitt said that he hears from parents who indicate that their students are not completing their studies earlier because the classes they need are not available. President Reilly responded that sometimes students are not able to take certain courses because of their work schedules. It may be helpful if more students are encouraged to commit to finishing in four years and to work with their institutions to plan their coursework.
Regent Opgenorth asked about the average credits to degree. Associate Vice President Wilhem responded that the systemwide number is 132 credits. Regent Opgenorth opined that the savings of completing college earlier could be even greater than President Reilly had described. Also, Regent Opgenorth said, communication with students about the benefits of graduating in four years needs to be improved. As a student, he said, he feels students are sometimes sent mixed messages in that they are told they have their whole life to work, so they should not rush through school. President Reilly agreed that the communication should be clearer, but it should not be prescriptive; it should describe options and effects of various options.
Regent Loftus mentioned a new poll that showed that graduation was not achieved because of the overwhelming nature of work. He requested an addition to the policies for the Regents to consider on differential tuition: an option such as tying tuition to an increase in the graduation rate at the institution requesting differential tuition.
Senior Vice President Anderes then offered background information on the benefits of differential tuition; the process, use, and value of differential tuition; how students are involved; and policy questions to be considered.
Differential tuition is an increment of funding beyond what the Board approves on an annual basis (this year, 5.5% was the approved tuition increase). Differential tuition can be implemented through individual programs, on an institution-wide basis, or on a systemwide basis. Programs are typically high-cost programs. Insitution-wide differential tuition would affect a majority or large segment of the population. Systemwide differential tuition does not currently exist.
Differential tuition revenues remain at the campus level and can be tailored to enhance high-priority programs. Differential tuition is necessary because regular tuition increases can be used only for specific purposes, such as increases included in the biennial budget, compensation, loss of revenue caused by decreased enrollment, or state-mandated costs not funded by general purpose revenue (utilities, for example).
Differential tuition allows campuses to add faculty, technology in classrooms, financial aid, wellness or support programs, and other important functions. This funding is used to add quality or value.
Students are involved in establishing differential tuition, but each campus can decide to address student consultation or involvement of student government in the way that works best for the campus, Senior Vice President Anderes continued. It is expected that students will be made aware of a differential tuition proposal through student government, that institutions will consult with students most directly affected by a differential tuition proposal, and that the outcome of the consultation process and official stance of student government will be described to the Board. The purpose of the differential, as defined by students and the institution must be clearly stated. Proposals must describe any oversight, evaluation, and consultation process for the initiative.
The Business, Finance, and Audit Committee has raised questions about differential tuition over the past year-and-a-half. Some of the policy questions for discussion are: (1) should the number of differential tuition proposals be limited; (2) are the present guidelines for student involvement in setting differential tuition adequate; (3) should there be a mandate to include a financial aid component in all new proposals, or should campuses make those decisions based on individual programs and student circumstances; and (4) should the Board be concerned with the variance in size of differential tuition across campuses.
Chancellor Levin-Stankevich was asked to provide an update on the progress toward a UW-Eau Claire differential tuition proposal. The Chancellor noted that differential tuition was not the first choice, but was determined to be the most viable option. Student task forces, working with academic affairs staff, developed a proposal. An extensive process of communication with students followed. A student survey showed support for elements of the Blugold Commitment but had negative results with respect to the total amount of the proposed increase and the amount of revenue that would be used for financial aid. The Student Senate ultimately voted to support the Blugold Commitment, with an adjustment to the amount going to financial aid. The purposes of the Blugold Commitment are completely additive, rather than substitutive of other funding.
Regent Falbo noted the importance of financial aid but said he questions whether differential tuition is the place for financial aid. Chancellor Levin-Stankevich responded, saying that Wisconsin has been traditionally a low-tuition, low-aid state. Some institutions are saying Wisconsin needs to be a moderate-tuition, moderate-aid state. To get to the moderate-aid level, they use the revenue they generate, which is the same model private universities use.
Chancellor Martin remarked that many private institutions try to stay at a discount rate of 30 percent or less, meaning that they use up to 30 percent of tuition for financial aid. UW-Madison’s differential tuition has a higher discount rate, of 50 percent, in order to correct the problem of Wisconsin not having raised financial aid in the past. It would be preferable to raise private funds or to get more money from the state and federal government for financial aid. Donors in Wisconsin have not been encouraged to think about financial aid as a target for their giving.
President Pruitt then invited Regents to participate in a conversation about differential tuition and what potential changes in policy UW System should entertain and bring back at a subsequent meeting. Regent Smith began by offering favorable comments on the way campus-wide differential tuition has been handled at UW-La Crosse, UW-Madison, and UW-Eau Claire with respect, for example, to each campus having its own plan, purpose, and approach to student involvement. He indicated that he would like the Board to continue to consider each plan individually, on its own merits.
Regent Bradley asked where students or parents looking at several UW campuses would look to see the total cost of attending a campus that has differential tuition; he asked how differential tuition, which he called “the privatization surcharge,” is disclosed. Associate Vice President Wilhelm responded by saying that the UW System is part of the Voluntary System of Accountability, a national effort that puts these kinds of data on every campus website, allowing consumers to do a side-by-side cost comparison. All four-year UW institutions participate; a template for two-year colleges is being developed. President Reilly later noted that comprehensive information on tuition and fees also appears in The Introduction to the UW System, published by the Higher Education Location Program (HELP).
Chancellor Joe Gow indicated that UW-La Crosse’s total tuition amount incorporates differential tuition, and he also wrote a letter to parents to explain the phased-in increased costs. He went on to note that the financial aid piece is controversial; some do not understand how financial aid works. He also said that when asking people to pay more, it is important to be clear about how the money will be used. For example, UW-La Crosse had a high faculty-to-student ratio, consequently, their messages about differential tuition focused on the fact that the tuition would be used for more teachers. Finally, Chancellor Gow said that student input is very important; UW-La Crosse used a binding student referendum, which empowered the students.
Regent Danae Davis expressed interest in student engagement and involvement. She was glad to hear Chancellor Levin-Stankovich mention parents. Regent Davis suggested that the policy not require a minimum level of student involvement, but that the policy ensure that efforts to involve students and parents have great depth and breadth. She indicated she is most concerned about students who do not often get involved in student government, who will also be affected by differential tuition. She suggested that when reviewing differential tuition requests, the Board review a measure related to student engagement and perhaps parental engagement.
Regent Bartell asked Chancellor Gow about the results of the UW-La Crosse student referenda with respect to financial aid, for both UW-La Crosse’s earlier and more recent differential tuitions. The Chancellor responded that financial aid was not in the proposal at that point. Regent Bartell expressed his strong support for including financial aid in any differential proposal. Based on Professor McPherson’s and other data, providing need-based financial aid is important in promoting access to higher education, student success, and higher graduation rates. Reliance on private fundraising and state increases in need-based financial aid is not sufficient. Regent Bartell urged that financial aid be an important part of any differential tuition proposal brought to the Board.
Regent Crain supported Regent Bartell’s statement and also highlighted the policy question about variance in size of differentials among campuses, expressing concern that some campuses may have a greater ability to make differential tuition work. Chancellor Martin suggested that variances should not necessarily be eliminated, because missions are different among campuses. Perhaps variances among “like” campuses with similar missions are problematic, but others may be necessary to sustain the quality of programs. Regent Crain agreed, but indicated there is a tension inherent in this policy question.
On this subject, President Reilly commented that some of the UW institutions that have worked on differential tuition proposals, such as UW-Madison, UW-La Crosse and UW-Eau Claire, are not campuses that are seeking to grow their enrollments by significant numbers. Some of the other campuses that may want to grow may have students with lower average family incomes. He said that a question to consider is whether there is a way to ask for state assistance to grow enrollments without some campuses having to raise differential tuition to the same level as those campuses not seeking to grow enrollments.
Chancellor Rick Wells noted that the socioeconomic status of students at the UW campuses varies significantly, as does the rate of differential tuition. Some campuses could make an argument that they need more support per student, given the nature of the students that they are serving, and their mission.
UW-Oshkosh currently has a differential tuition that is approximately two percent of overall tuition. Other campuses’ rates are 10 or 20 percent of base tuition. Chancellor Wells suggested that campuses that cannot use differential tuition to address their need to provide quality programs could receive a greater percentage of state General Purpose Revenue (GPR) funding.
Regent Wingad stressed that student involvement is key and should be continued and bolstered. Student advice more often than not is aligned with administrative direction, but at the same time, students can be even more critical than administrators in reviewing proposals. One way to support the process of student involvement is to give better guidance to students about their ongoing role in the process.
Some campuses focus on student involvement at the outset of the differential tuition process, Regent Wingad continued, but could do more to ensure ongoing, collaborative feedback from students about how differential tuition is administered. This is particularly important if differential tuition is considered to be an initiative of the entire campus community. Also, the System needs to better demonstrate to students and others in the campus community that it has exhausted options for state and other support before turning to differential tuition.
Regent Drew expressed agreement with Regent Wingad’s point about state support, saying that it is important that the System not adjust itself to a “new normal” that does not expect that the state will continue to provide the level of funding needed for higher education. Regarding financial aid and hold-harmless provisions, Regent Drew stressed that any differential tuition proposal should include a hold-harmless or a financial aid component. He expressed concern about setting barriers to entry to higher-paid fields by not including such components.
Regent Falbo suggested that if differential tuition mirrors tuition, then as various proposals are being developed, there needs to be a cost-to-continue component in the budget. Without this, previously-funded programs eventually will need to be cut.
Regent Opgenorth raised a question about the perception of quality based on variances. He also expressed agreement with other Regents about the importance of not only improving quality, but also ensuring equity in access through financial aid.
Regent Connolly-Keesler agreed that financial aid should be a component, and she also said that student involvement is hugely important; there are many electronic means that can be used easily to communicate with students. She asked Chancellor Levin-Stankevich if UW-Eau Claire plans to go back to students for further input, after the initial student vote and after a 17-to-15 recommendation from student government. The Chancellor responded that going back for another vote is not the intent, because the proposal has been adjusted in response to student concerns. He also noted that UW-Eau Claire reached out to parents through two e-mails, a website, and a webinar.
Regent Connolly-Keesler also suggested that having only one institution-wide differential for an institution, rather than successive and multiple differentials, is a reasonable approach.
Regent Womack indicated that when reviewing differential proposals, she would be examining input from student government, but also input from the entire student body. She noted that she will also be looking at the historical record of differentials, as well as the proposals, to understand the full context in which new differentials are being proposed. In addition, she reminded Board members of her earlier reference to a study that gave the UW System an “F” for affordability.
Vice President Spector commented on the potential, discussed in the meeting materials, of giving different weight to resident and non-resident students. Based on state statutes governing K-12 education, Vice President Spector argued that once non-residents become students, they are treated the same as resident students, and this would be a good policy in the case of differential tuition. Creating a group of students that is not treated the same makes them feel isolated, and non-resident students provide a vital counterpoint to the resident students.
Vice President Spector also urged the Board to think about parents in a different way than had been discussed. He said that the phrase, “hold harmless,” is used to suggest that someone does not need to pay more if they fall into a certain category of need for aid.
However, some parents are planning ahead, and will pay the full amount for their students. These parents should be told very clearly that differential tuition may be put in place during the four-to-six-year period of their student’s education. Alternatively, some protection should be built in for those who are already paying and who expect to pay the regular tuition amount (plus the amount of typical increases), but who are not expecting an added amount for differential tuition. Imposing an additional layer of tuition without either communicating with these individuals or exempting them creates a problem, and may lead these people to opt for other opportunities. Vice President Spector concluded by saying that people do plan ahead, particularly when they have multiple children in college at the same time.
Suggesting that Chancellors have different perspectives on differential tuition, Chancellor Santiago then cautioned that when discussing differential tuition, a lot of different islands will be created unless consideration is given to GPR distribution across the campuses, enrollment trends, family income, selectivity, and institutional missions.
Chancellor Martin responded to Chancellor Santiago’s concern by saying that if GPR is reallocated because some campuses can afford to have differential tuition, the quality of an institution such as UW-Madison will deteriorate unless the institution is allowed to have the flexibility to charge the tuition that its students can and will pay. Chancellor Santiago remarked, in response, that the System has been redistributing GPR across campuses over many years, leading to different amounts of GPR per student.
Chancellor Gow offered that tuition is used to maximize the excellence of each campus; how this is done will vary across campuses. Adding to the challenge is the question of access and affordability, because legislative assistance is needed to address these issues.
President Pruitt added that there is no substitute for GPR dollars, and all campuses would benefit greatly from more GPR.
Regent Bartell, the Board’s representative on the Higher Educational Aids Board (HEAB) noted that HEAB has created a task force, consisting of representatives of the UW System, independent colleges, and the Wisconsin Technical College System, to examine the way that need-based financial aid is allocated. Conclusions and recommendations are due by the spring.
President Pruitt called upon Regent Smith, chair, to present the Business, Finance, and Audit Committee’s report.
Noting that the Business, Finance, and Audit Committee first met jointly with the Capital Planning and Budget Committee, Regent Smith began by stating that Operations Review and Audit Director Julie Gordon briefed the two committees on ways in which UW institutions are reducing energy usage and the extent to which energy conservation efforts have been incorporated into UW institutions’ broader decision-making and plans.
Director Gordon told the committees about energy conservation facilities-related practices in the areas of maintenance, repair, and replacement; building usage and scheduling; energy meters and controls; building enhancement and design; and alternative energy sources. Campuses across the System are using one or more of these strategies. In addition, campuses are using educational approaches, such as promoting student involvement, participating in conferences, and hiring sustainability coordinators. Recommendations include: (1) pursuing additional funding opportunities for energy conservation projects; and (2) implementing a process for incorporating facilities-related practices into institution-wide energy conservation strategies.
UW-Madison Student Presentation on the Madison Initiative for Undergraduates
Student members from the UW-Madison Student Oversight Committee described to the Business, Finance, and Audit Committee student involvement in the allocation, management, and oversight of the recently-enacted campus-wide undergraduate differential tuition program. They reported there were many good ideas, but they could not all be funded. One of the best results has been the interactions of faculty, staff, and students. The committee was impressed with the depth and breadth of the students’ involvement, Regent Smith reported.
Dr. Joe Abhold, co-chair of the Ad-Hoc Committee on Mental Health, and director of the counseling center at UW-Oshkosh, discussed the effect of mental health services on student success. He also spoke about increased demand for services and changes campuses have made to meet the demand for services and increased severity of mental health issues.
He then reviewed proposed changes to the Basic Health Module outlined in Regent Policy Document 23-1. The changes reflect changing student needs, student demographics, generally accepted mental health care practices, and community resources. The committee approved the recommended revisions to the Basic Health Module.
Regent Smith continued his report by stating that Operations Review and Audit Director Julie Gordon discussed the highlights of a recently-completed review of UW institutions’ camps and clinics. The review found a diverse array of camps and clinics and noted that management and oversight practices vary by campus, department, and program.
The review offered several recommendations, including: (1) adopting the health requirements in DHS 175.19, Wis. Admin. Code; (2) extending criminal background checks to contractors and volunteers working directly with vulnerable populations, such as children and people with disabilities; (3) requiring all camps and clinics to secure accident insurance; and (4) assigning an office or committee on campus the overall responsibility for developing policies and procedures for camps and clinics.
Director of Trust Funds Doug Hoerr reviewed with the committee a number of revisions to the UW Trust Funds Investment Policy Statement, made to reflect the state of Wisconsin’s recent adoption of the Uniform Prudent Management of Institutional Funds Act (UPMIFA). The committee approved the recommended changes and affirmed its adoption of the policy statement.
Senior Vice President Tom Anderes presented the committee with information about the status of the HRS project and reviewed a new format for communicating progress. HRS is currently on time and on budget.
Regent Smith reported that Senior Vice President Tom Anderes updated the committee on proposed changes to standard contract language regarding a 90-day fair trial period for current non-management employees seeking to continue employment after the transition to a new contract vendor. The committee also discussed adding language stating that contractors would provide immediate health insurance coverage and make a loan program available. The committee wanted to be sure that bids remain competitive, and the provision related to insurance will be evaluated further. The committee approved inclusion of language in all future Food Service requests for proposals, indicating that the contractor will provide a 90-day fair trial period for current non-management employees seeking to continue employment.
The committee heard from General Counsel Patricia Brady about changes to the UW System policy on nonmedical leaves of absence. Changes allowing Chancellors to grant leaves of up to five years had been recommended by the recent Research to Jobs Task Force and are expected to provide clear, flexible guidance to UW institutions. The committee approved the recommended changes to Regent Policy Document 20-6.
Vice President Deborah Durcan told the committee that total gifts, grants and contracts for the first quarter were $584.4 million, an increase of $136.5 million from the comparable period of the previous fiscal year. Of the federal award increase, more than $80 million was due to American Recovery and Reinvestment Act funding.
Regent Smith moved that the Board adopt as consent agenda items the following resolutions, which were approved by the committee, and the motion was seconded. Resolution 9703 was removed from the consent agenda at the request of Regent Drew.
Resolutions 9701, 9702, and 9704 then were adopted on a unanimous voice vote.
Resolution 9701: That, upon the recommendation of the UW System Ad-Hoc Committee on Mental Health and the President of the University of Wisconsin System, the Board of Regents approves the revisions to the Basic Health Module (Regent Policy Document 23-1) detailed in Appendix A of the final report of the Ad-Hoc Committee on Mental Health.
Resolution 9702: That, upon recommendation of the President of the University of Wisconsin System, the Board of Regents, in regards to the Investment Policy Statement for the University of Wisconsin System Trust Funds, approves the revisions provided in the attached document and otherwise affirms its adoption of the policy statement.
Resolution 9704: That, upon the recommendation of the President of the University of Wisconsin System, the Board of Regents repeals Regent Policy Document 20-6 and recreates it to read as set forth in Attachment A.
Regent Drew stated that he requested that the food service contract language item be removed from the consent agenda because, while he appreciated the committee’s efforts to include the 90-day fair trial period proposed for food service contract language, this does not go far enough.
Regent Drew proposed that a new vendor’s contract should include language stating that the new vendor would need to accept the existing labor contract, where a labor contract is in place. He said the workers in question earn $10 per hour; this provision would help alleviate the uncertainty about whether they are going to lose their jobs, lose their health insurance, or suffer a wage cut.
Regent Falbo said that it is important not to have too many restrictions that discourage bidders, or the UW will end up in the food service business. Regent Drew said that he would be surprised if large companies would be unwilling to assume existing labor contracts for a portion of the new contract.
Regent Wingad said that the idea of securing continuity in benefits is worth pursuing, but there are many unanswered questions. He asked that more research be conducted and that these questions be addressed at the next Board meeting.
Regent President Pruitt called for a vote on Resolution 9703; it was adopted on a voice vote, with Regent Drew voting in opposition. The resolution is as follows:
Resolution 9703: That, upon the recommendation of the President of the University of Wisconsin System, the Board of Regents approves the inclusion of the following language in all future Food Service requests for proposal:
The new contractor will provide a 90-day fair trial period for current non-management employees seeking to continue employment. Employees will receive the compensation (wages and benefits) as established by the new contractor. The new contractor may realign staffing to best meet workload and budget requirements.
REPORT OF THE CAPITAL PLANNING AND FUNDING COMMITTEE
President Pruitt called upon Regent Bartell, chair, to present the Physical Planning and Funding Committee’s report.
Regent Bartell began by noting that the committee met jointly with Business, Finance, and Audit, as previously described by Regent Smith. During the joint meeting, Chancellor David Wilson and his colleagues presented the UW Colleges annual report on City and County Financial Support of the UW Colleges, which was an impressive report.
UW System staff reported on Energy Conservation and Renewable Projects. The committee had requested this report to clarify what challenges the System faces in meeting the state’s renewable energy goals.
Regent Bartell reported that Capital Planning and Budget Committee members then convened separately, with President Pruitt and Vice President Spector also participating. The committee listened to a presentation by UW-Madison Director of Campus Planning Gary Brown, who provided an update on the progress the campus has made in implementing its 2005 Campus Master Plan.
The first resolution the committee took up sought authority to seek a waiver to enable Madison Gas and Electric Company to design-build a UW-Madison Walnut Substation Upgrade Project and authority to construct that project for an estimated cost of $4.68 million. This substation will provide additional power for the energy-intensive medical and research programs that are housed in facilities located on the west campus.
The committee next considered a resolution seeking authority to lease space for the McBurney Disability Resource Center and the Division of Enrollment Management. The lease term will be ten years with two, five-year renewals and include purchase options that will begin in July 2015. The developer will design and build out the space for the campus, which will use the gift funds originally enumerated for the McBurney Center portion of the Gordon Commons project to pay for the tenant improvements. No tuition or GPR funds are involved.
A third resolution sought an increase in the budget of the $66 million UW-Madison Microbial Sciences Building Project by approximately 3.3% to add crucial air intake improvements to the mechanical systems.
The committee considered a resolution seeking authority to construct the Central Chiller Installation Project at UW-Milwaukee at a total cost of $6,419,000. This project will add reserve capacity for the chilled water system and higher-efficiency cooling capacity and provide for adequate future reserves.
The committee spent most of the time on a resolution which grants authority to seek enumeration of the School of Freshwater Sciences Research Building, Phase I, at $50 million general-fund-supported borrowing (GFSB), most of which is in the current biennium. This 125,000-square-foot addition to UW-Milwaukee’s existing Great Lakes Research Facility, referred to as “GLRF,” on Greenfield Avenue in Milwaukee, will be the initial project of the UW-Milwaukee Master Plan Initiative.
The Master Plan Initiative was adopted in the 2009-11 biennial budget and requires legislative enumeration of specific projects prior to release of funds. Enumeration of the School of Freshwater Sciences Building will expend $50 million of the $123.4 million GFSB contained in the initiative. It is expected that the remaining $73.4 million in GFSB, $55.6 million in program-revenue-supported borrowing, and $60 million in gifts and grants will be allocated to additional projects in the Master Plan Initiative in a request to be brought before the Board at its special meeting in January.
This project has the potential opportunity to secure private gifts or grants. Should that opportunity be realized, such funding may be substituted for state funding. The state funding would then be redirected to other priority projects in the UWM Master Plan Initiative. Other projects under consideration are: replacing the Neeskay Research Vessel; Kenwood Integrated Research Complex, Phase I; Innovation Park Research Facilities in Wauwatosa; Public, Community and Clinical Health Center, Phase I; and the Columbia-St. Mary’s acquisition.
A final resolution requested authority to construct all agency maintenance and repair projects that address energy conservation, fire egress and security improvements, and utility upgrades at various campuses. This request included an integrated system for the production and demonstration of bioenergy at the Pioneer Farm at UW-Platteville. The committee was impressed by the UW-Platteville presentation on this project.
The six resolutions were passed unanimously by the committee, with an abstention by Regent Stan Davis on the UW-Madison Walnut Substation Project.
Regent Bartell moved that the Board adopt as consent agenda items the following resolutions, which were approved by the committee, and the motion was seconded by Regent Spector. Resolution 9705 was removed from the consent agenda at the request of Regent Stan Davis.
Resolutions 9706 through 9710 then were adopted on a unanimous voice vote.
Resolution 9706: That, upon the recommendation of the UW-Madison Chancellor and the President of the University of Wisconsin System, authority be granted for the Department of Administration to execute a lease with an option to purchase for 26,791 gross square feet of space on two levels at 702 West Johnson Street, University Square, Madison, Wisconsin, on behalf of the UW-Madison Dean of Students’ Office (McBurney Disability Resource Center) and Division of Enrollment Management (Office of Admissions).
Resolution 9707: That, upon the recommendation of the UW-Madison Chancellor and the President of the University of Wisconsin System, authority be granted to increase the project budget of the Microbial Sciences Building project by $392,000 Existing General Fund Supported Borrowing for a revised total project cost of $121,657,710 ($51,084,639 General Fund Supported Borrowing, $4,114,000 Program Revenue Supported Borrowing, and $66,459,071 Gifts/Grants).
Resolution 9708: That, upon the recommendation of the UW-Milwaukee Chancellor and the President of the University of Wisconsin System, the Design Report of the Central Chiller Installation project be approved and authority be granted to construct the project at a total cost of $6,419,000 ($5,449,200 General Fund Supported Borrowing and $969,800 Program Revenue Supported Borrowing).
Resolution 9709: That, upon the recommendation of the UW-Milwaukee Chancellor and the President of the University of Wisconsin System, authority be granted to seek enumeration of the School of Freshwater Sciences Research Building Phase I, $50,000,000 General Fund Supported Borrowing (GFSB) ($43,400,000, 2009-11 and $6,600,000 2011-13) as the initial project of the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee Master Plan Initiative, and that the remaining $73,400,000 GFSB, $55,600,000 Program Revenue Supported Borrowing, and $60,000,000 Gifts/Grants will be allocated to additional projects in the Master Plan Initiative at the next meeting of the Board of Regents.
Resolution 9710: That, upon the recommendation of the President of the University of Wisconsin System, authority be granted to construct various maintenance and repair projects at an estimated total cost of $18,728,600 ($3,880,200 General Fund Supported Borrowing; $12,114,550 Program Revenue Supported Borrowing; $513,050 Gifts and Grants; and $2,220,800 Program Revenue Cash).
Regent Bartell then moved adoption of Resolution 9705, which was adopted on a voice vote, with Regent Stan Davis abstaining.
Resolution 9705: That, upon the recommendation of the UW-Madison Chancellor and the President of the University of Wisconsin System, authority be granted to seek a waiver of s. 16.855 to enable Madison Gas & Electric (MGE) to design-build a Walnut Substation Upgrade project and authority to construct this project at an estimated total project cost of $4,680,000 ($3,697,200 General Fund Supported Borrowing and $982,800 Program Revenue Supported Borrowing).
President Pruitt called upon Regent Crain, chair, to present the Education Committee’s report.
Regent Crain began by describing the excellent presentation the committee heard from the AODA Committee. One of the AODA Committee’s primary activities has been the development of the AODA Survey, which has been given to UW students three times since 2005, most recently in 2009. The Education Committee was briefed on the 2009 survey results by Mark Mailloux, Institutional Researcher at UW-Platteville.
Encouraging Regents to review the advance Board materials on this presentation, Regent Crain proceeded by saying that this year’s survey led to “guarded optimism” that the incidence of binge drinking, while still disturbingly high, is declining. However, there are some differences in the way the 2009 questions were worded, so it premature to interpret any trends until the next administration of the survey in 2011.
The committee also heard from UW-Parkside Chancellor Debbie Ford, who is the new chair of the UW System AODA Committee, and from Matt Vogel, Community Health Specialist and Adjunct Instructor at UW-La Crosse. Using clicker technology, Mr. Vogel demonstrated how to bring people into honest discussion of difficult subject matter. This excellent presentation made a compelling case for how to engage students in active discussion of campus behaviors surrounding alcohol and other drug abuse.
It was agreed that this was a tough subject but the work of this committee and the efforts on the campuses is absolutely essential, particularly in light of the binge drinking culture in Wisconsin.
The Education Committee was asked to approve a policy allowing students to receive advanced standing credit at UW institutions for Project Lead the Way courses they took in high school. This is an engineering- and technology-focused curriculum for middle and high school students. It is currently offered throughout the country, including at 132 high schools and 74 middle schools throughout Wisconsin.
Two major developments have emerged: (1) in consultation with DPI, it was decided that all UW institutions would accept at least one Project Lead the Way course for high school science credit as long as the other two were from biology, chemistry, or physics; and (2) a policy was drafted by which UW institutions would offer advanced-standing credit for Project Lead the Way courses.
The committee agreed with Senior Vice President Martin that this policy is student-friendly; advances preparation in STEM areas; and involves a strong partnership among multiple sectors, including the UW System and Wisconsin high schools.
The committee heard from Provost Paul De Luca of UW-Madison on “Ensuring Innovation in Education, Research and Service.” The committee was highly interested and very excited about the work occurring on the Madison campus.
Senior Vice President Martin led a discussion of the UW System’s Interim Guidelines for Making Textbooks Affordable. Interim guidelines are in place, and Senior Vice President Martin’s office is currently developing a textbook policy. The plan is to bring to the Education and the Business, Finance, & Audit Committees a draft policy in the spring of 2010.
The committee also heard a brief update on activities taking place in Nursing and the development of a nursing program at UW-Stevens Point, and Clinical Laboratory Science programs and the impending closure of UW-Madison’s program.
Regent Crain moved that the Board adopt as consent agenda items the following resolutions, which were approved by the committee, and the motion was seconded by Regent Danae Davis.
Resolutions 9711 through 9714 then were adopted on a unanimous voice vote.
Resolution 9711: That, upon recommendation of the Chancellor of the University of Wisconsin-Stout and the President of the University of Wisconsin System, the Chancellor be authorized to implement the B.S. in Supply Chain Management.
Resolution 9712: That, upon recommendation of the Chancellor of the University of Wisconsin-La Crosse and the President of the University of Wisconsin System, the Chancellor be authorized to implement the M.S. in Medical Dosimetry.
Resolution 9713: That, upon recommendation of the Chancellor of the University of Wisconsin-Oshkosh and the President of the University of Wisconsin System, the Board of Regents approves the amendments to the UW-Oshkosh Faculty Personnel Rules.
Resolution 9714: That, upon recommendation of the President of the University of Wisconsin System, the Board of Regents adopts the policy on Advanced-Standing Credit for Project Lead the Way Courses.
Regent Pruitt then introduced the presentation of the Teaching Excellence Awards. Committee members are Regent Danae Davis, committee chair; Regent Bartell; Regent Drew; Regent Vásquez; and Regent Womack.
Regent Davis began her remarks by welcoming the Teaching Excellence Awards recipients, their families, friends, and supporters. She stated that these awards represent an opportunity for the Board to recognize and honor some of the UW System’s most outstanding teachers, departments, and programs.
Thanking the other members of the selection team for their thoughtful participation, Regent Davis noted that the pool of nominees was exceptional, and selecting the award recipients was challenging. The individuals being honored are shining examples of the ability that excellent teachers have to impact students’ lives.
Exceptional teachers tend to share several striking characteristics, Regent Davis continued. These include: a distinct philosophy of teaching and learning; a willingness to adopt and innovate to meet students’ needs; a passion for their discipline; and a commitment to constant self-examination and improvement.
Noting that two individuals and one department were being honored, Regent Davis proceeded to introduce the first award recipient, Dr. Dôna Warren, an Associate Professor of Philosophy at UW-Stevens Point. Regent Davis quoted Professor Warren’s description of her philosophy of teaching: “In short, by providing people with emotionally warm, psychologically safe, intellectually challenging, and carefully designed learning opportunities, either in the classroom or online, I hope to help individuals become more comfortable with ideas and better able to understand the chains of reasoning that support them.”
Regent Davis noted that Professor Warren has taught introductory and advanced level Philosophy courses to undergraduate and graduate students since arriving at UW-Stevens Point in 1995. She is nationally known for her work on critical thinking and symbolic logic. In 2006, she founded the Wisconsin Association for Critical Thinking, and she organized a now-annual, statewide conference on critical thinking.
Regent Davis introduced Professor Warren, who expressed her delight and honor at receiving this award and her pride in being a member of the UW-Stevens Point faculty. Describing the start of her career teaching Philosophy at UW-Stevens Point, Professor Warren said that she was inspired by the movie, “Babe,” to be herself and to treat students as she would want to be treated. She considers teaching to be about an encounter with individuals. She expressed her appreciation on behalf of her students, colleagues, and UW-Stevens Point.
Regent Bartell then introduced Dr. Michael Cox, Professor of Biochemistry at UW-Madison. Professor Cox has been the recipient of many awards and honors during his 25 years of teaching, research, and service at UW-Madison. He is renowned for being a dedicated and gifted lecturer, who approaches his teaching with energy and enthusiasm. Over the years, he has recognized the potential of undergraduate student research and developed a special lab program to foster it.
Professor Cox, Regent Bartell continued, is admired and respected by his students and colleagues and is also nationally recognized for his extensive research in biochemistry. His co-authored textbook, “Lehninger Principles of Biochemistry,” is in its fifth edition and is considered the most widely used undergraduate biochemistry textbook in the world.
Regent Bartell introduced Professor Cox, who began by thanking the Regents, UW System, and those at UW-Madison who were involved in the nomination process. He said that when he came to Madison 27 years ago, it was without the benefit of any formal training in how to be a teacher. His early effort was focused on starting a research program. He attributed whatever success he has had in teaching to: an extraordinary teaching mentor, David Nelson, who taught him a great deal about how to approach classes like the ones he has been involved with; the fabulous Wisconsin students; and the support of his wife and sons.
Regent Drew rose to present the 2009 Teaching Excellence Award for a Department or Program to the UW-Parkside Theatre Arts Department, represented by its Chair and Artistic Director, Associate Professor Dean Yohnk.
Regent Drew said that with only five tenured faculty members and three artists and theatre staff, the department currently serves about 60 Theatre majors and ten Theatre Arts minors in a highly competitive, hands-on theater production program. The program produces about 24 shows each year, including four to five fully staged productions. The program has amassed a growing collection of awards and regional and national recognitions.
In recent years, the department has emphasized improved student retention, launching a peer mentoring program particularly geared to new freshmen and transfer students. These efforts have proved very successful.
Associate Professor Yohnk thanked Regent Drew for presenting the award and also for visiting the program at UW-Parkside; he also thanked Regent Davis and others for the award. Professor Yohnk introduced his colleagues, Professors Lisa Kornetsky and Skelly Warren. All 75 members of the theatre “company” wanted to attend, but were participating in a free performance for prospective students and their parents. Professor Yohnk noted that receiving the award is humbling, and that the program is the first UW-Parkside program, first theatre program, and first fine arts department to receive a Teaching Excellence Award.
Among the distinctive aspects of the program are: (1) it emphasizes students’ academic achievement; (2) 25 percent of students graduate from the program with high honors; the program has achieved a 90 percent graduation rate; and (3) the program incorporates peer mentorship. Finally, Professor Yohnk expressed appreciation for UW-Parkside’s new Communication Arts addition and invited Regents to come to see the new building and productions.
President Pruitt called upon Regent Walsh to present the Governor’s Commendation to Judith Temby. Regent Walsh asked Ms. Temby to join him at the podium and began his remarks by stating that the University of Wisconsin System is a huge enterprise, which educates 178,500 students each year on 26 campuses, has a budget of approximately $4.8 billion, and graduates about 35,000 students each year.
Of the 35 years that the UW System has been in existence, Jude Temby was the Secretary of the Board of Regents for 29 of them. She has served 106 Regents, 17 Regent Presidents, and five of the six System Presidents. Regent Walsh thanked Ms. Temby for her great leadership, calm demeanor, and quiet confidence. He told her that the success of this enterprise is her success.
Regent Walsh read the following Governor’s Commendation, which was accompanied by a standing ovation for Ms. Temby.
WHEREAS, Judith A. Temby has served with dedication and excellence for 29 years as the Secretary of the Board of Regents of the University of Wisconsin System, the eighth-largest public university system in the country; and
WHEREAS, she has expertly assisted the Board as it has upheld its commitment to provide quality teaching and learning experiences for hundreds of thousands of students; and
WHEREAS, Secretary Temby has worked diligently and conscientiously to oversee arrangements for all Regents meetings, consulting with the Regent President, Vice President, Committee Chairs, System President, and others to plan and publish agendas, materials, and public notices; and
WHEREAS, she has capably held the position of custodian of the Board’s records that make the Board’s work more accessible, and in that capacity witnessed significant technological advances, including searchable electronically archived minutes and live web streaming of full Board meetings; and
WHEREAS, Secretary Temby has served 17 Regent Presidents, 105 Regents, and worked with five of the six UW System Presidents, including serving on the President’s Cabinet; and
WHEREAS, she is a proud alumna of UW-Madison holding a bachelor’s of arts degree in political science; and
WHEREAS, she has devoted her career to public service, working three years in Milwaukee as an adjudicator for the U. S. Department of Veterans Affairs, and serving more than seven years in the Wisconsin Governor’s Office as office manager and appointments director for Governors Patrick J. Lucey and Martin Schreiber, before becoming the longest-serving Secretary of the Board of Regents from June 1980 through November 2009; and
WHEREAS, Judith has provided staff support to, and served as Secretary for, numerous Regent committees, including the Executive Committee, the Personnel Matters Review Committee, the Committee on Student Discipline and Student Governance Appeals, Regents Hearing Panels, and Special Regent Committees – which have helped select new leadership for UW institutions, shaped Board priorities, set benchmarks for best practices, and bestowed awards for faculty, staff, and program excellence; and
WHEREAS, the state of Wisconsin recognizes Judith Temby as a skillful, accomplished, and dedicated public servant who has helped the Board of Regents fulfill the spirit of the Wisconsin Idea;
NOW THEREFORE I, JIM DOYLE, GOVERNOR OF THE STATE OF WISCONSIN, DO HEREBY COMMEND JUDITH A. TEMBY
and acknowledge her remarkable achievements and many contributions to the state of Wisconsin and the University of Wisconsin System.
Regent Bradley then presented Ms. Temby with a resolution of appreciation from the Board of Regents. He began by describing the excellent service Ms. Temby has provided to Regent Presidents, saying it was nothing short of a virtuoso performance.
Regent Bradley quoted other past Regent Presidents: David Beckwith cited Ms. Temby’s intelligence and diligence and her instrumental role in ensuring the University’s success. Tom Lyon cited her composite of abilities and temperament, as well as her heart and her humanity. Mike Grebe described her as the glue that held the Regents together and expressed gratitude for her steadfast devotion to the UW System and her thoughtful attention to the Board of Regents.
Continuing, Regent Bradley reported that Sheldon Lubar said, “it will never be the same” without Jude Temby. San Orr said that Jude Temby was a superb administrator, was always reliable, was willing to undertake any task, and was the institutional memory of the Board of Regents. Jay Smith expressed his gratitude for Jude Temby’s valuable counsel over the years. Guy Gottschalk said that he learned a great deal about grace and decorum from Jude Temby, who has been a tremendous asset to the Board of Regents. Toby Markovich described Ms. Temby as a stable anchor as Regents came and went. Finally, David Walsh described Ms. Temby’s importance to the orderly operation of the Board of Regents and the value of her institutional knowledge.
Regent Bradley then presented the following resolution, which was adopted by acclamation, with a standing ovation for Judith Temby.
Ms. Temby thanked the Regents for their kind words, saying that it was a joy and honor to have worked as Secretary of the Board of Regents for the past 29 years. She said she was greatly impressed during that time with the extent to which Board members demonstrated their deep commitment to higher education and their willingness to give so much of their time and talent to leading the University System.
Ms. Temby closed by thanking the Regents, past and present, President Reilly, former President Lyall, the Chancellors, and colleagues at UW System Administration and the UW institutions for their friendship and support over the years, and for all that they have done to make Wisconsin a better place by providing students with the excellent education that they need.
Resolution 9715: WHEREAS, Judith A. Temby has served as the fourth Secretary of the Board of Regents of the University of Wisconsin System, from June 1980 to November 2009; and
WHEREAS, she is the longest-serving Secretary of the Board, having served the Board for 29 years of the UW System’s 38-year history; and
WHEREAS, she has capably and efficiently assisted 17 Board Presidents, 105 Regents, and five of the six UW System Presidents in conducting and managing Board business, ensuring the utmost integrity in governance of an internationally recognized public university system; and
WHEREAS, Judith’s tenure as Secretary covers a productive time in the university system’s history in which enrollment climbed from 151,000 to over 175,000 students and the six-year graduation rate increased from 45% to over 60%, trends that underscore the Board’s commitment to increasing student success in higher education; and
WHEREAS, Judith’s professionalism, experience, and gift for composure have inspired trust and confidence in new and veteran Board members, and greatly contributed to meetings and Board business running smoothly and productively; and
WHEREAS, she has been the creator and custodian of comprehensive minutes, legal documents, and other records, preserving the important history, policies, decisions, and discussions of the Board; and
WHEREAS, the Board wishes Judith well as she looks forward to a well-deserved retirement to enjoy more time with her husband, John (Jack) Temby, and their three daughters, as well as to pursue many personal and volunteer interests;
BE IT THEREFORE RESOLVED that the Board of Regents of the University of Wisconsin System hereby offers sincere gratitude and commendation to Judith A. Temby for her considerable life achievements, her outstanding support of the Board of Regents, and her dedicated service to the citizens of Wisconsin.
Regent Pruitt asked Regent Crain to present a resolution of appreciation from the Board to UW-Madison. Acknowledging that extraordinary effort had to be made for the meeting because of the severe winter weather, Regent Crain said that it had been a wonderfully moving event, including the interchange with students and student performances on Thursday evening. Regent Crain described herself as “a daughter of the University,” having graduated from UW-Madison 50 years ago. Expressing her heartfelt gratitude to UW-Madison, she read the following resolution:
Resolution 9716: WHEREAS, the University of Wisconsin-Madison is a pre-eminent public research and teaching institution and an extraordinary educational asset for Wisconsin and for the world; and
WHEREAS, nearly 100 years after the Wisconsin Idea was conceived, UW-Madison continues to exert its positive influence on Main Streets across Wisconsin and globally through transformative outreach programs; and
WHEREAS, the university has embarked on a bold new initiative to improve undergraduate education and provide critical need-based financial aid through its innovative Madison Initiative for Undergraduates; and
WHEREAS, UW-Madison conducts more than $900 million worth of research each year contributing to the advance of the sciences, arts and humanities and enriching the state’s economy and knowledge base; and
WHEREAS, UW-Madison continues to tackle urgent and complex problems such as global health, energy, and climate change often through interdisciplinary study and to advance cultural and social knowledge; and
WHEREAS, UW-Madison prepares undergraduate and graduate students to think critically to help solve today’s problems and to anticipate tomorrow’s challenges; and
WHEREAS, UW-Madison, with the help of generous friends and far-sighted partnerships with the State of Wisconsin, continues to build facilities that revitalize the campus, anticipate its needs and provide learning, living and working spaces that will serve Wisconsin for generations to come; and
WHEREAS, the university was recently reaccredited following a site team visit in which members applauded “this outstanding public research university for its range of significant accomplishments and progress and its continuing commitment to world-class education, research and public engagement;”
BE IT THEREFORE RESOLVED that the University of Wisconsin System Board of Regents hereby thanks Chancellor Biddy Martin, Provost Paul M. DeLuca, Jr. and all of their colleagues for advancing teaching, research and outreach and for generously extending the campus’s hospitality and sharing their thought-provoking presentations as they hosted this December 2009 board meeting.
The resolution was approved by acclamation.
Regent Walsh followed up on the discussion about differential tuition by urging everyone to be engaged in the election and question candidates about their views on access, quality, and affordability.
The meeting was recessed at 12:25 p.m. and reconvened at 12:40 p.m.
The following resolution was moved by Regent Spector, seconded, and adopted on a roll-call vote, with Regents Bartell, Bradley, Connolly-Keesler, Crain, Danae Davis, Stan Davis, Drew, Falbo, Opgenorth, Pruitt, Spector, Walsh, and Wingad voting in the affirmative. There were no dissenting votes and no abstentions.
Resolution 9717: That the Board of Regents move into closed session to confer with legal counsel regarding pending or potential litigation, as permitted by Wis. Stats. §19.85(1)(g).
The meeting was adjourned at approximately 1:20 p.m.
/s/ Jane S. Radue
Jane S. Radue, Secretary of the Board